Australian Art

KARL DULDIG



AKA: KARL DULDIG

Born: 1902 PRZEMYSL POLAND

Died: 1986
  • Abstract
  • Ceramics
  • Figurative
  • Painter
  • Portrait
  • Print Maker
  • Sculptor
  • Traditional
  • Known
  • Established


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES (selected)

Duldig. Karl. Australian sculptor, ceramicist, painter, printmaker, teacher. 29.12.1902, Przemysl, Poland (formerly part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire), 11.08.86, Melbourne. 1931 Married Slawa Duldig (neé Horowitz). 1913 moved to Vienna. 1920 studied painting with Pätsch. 1921-1925 studied sculpture at Kunstgewerbeschule under Anton Hanak. Exhibited 1922 Munich. 1925-1929 undergraduate sculpture student at Akademie der Bildenden Künste; 1929-33 member of Academy’s Master School under Professor Josef Müllner. 1925-38 exhibited Künstlerhaus, Sezession and Österreichische Museum, Kunstgewerbeschule, Vienna. 1922-24 visited London, Berlin, Leipzig, Munich, Lemberg, Cairo, Tel Aviv, Jerusalem. 1931 study tour in Italy and France. 1933-38 worked as freelance sculptor and shared a studio in Vienna with Dr Arthur Fleischmann. 1938 to Switzerland, and in 1939 to Singapore where he ran an art school. Commissions from Sultan of Johore and Aw Boon Haw. 1940 to Australia. 1940-42 interned Tatura. 1942 served Australian army. 1943-45 employed war industry and then as a lithographer for Victory Publicity. 1944-60 conducted studio pottery busness. 1945-67 art master at Mentone Grammar, Melbourne. 1956 exhibited Olympic Games Exhibition Melbourne; 1960 Adelaide Festival; 1961 ‘New Influences’ Newcastle; 1961, 1964 and 1967 Mildura Sculpture Prize; 1973 Realities Sculpture Survey Como; 1978,80 and 82 McClelland Gallery; 1979, 1985 Jewish Museum of Australia; 1962 founding president, Ben Uri Society of Arts (later Bezalel Fellowship of Arts); 1968 visited Israel and travelled in Europe, U.S.A. and Mexico; From 1946 member of and regular exhibitor with Association of Sculptors of Victoria; 1977 ASV president; 1982-83 Survey exhibition at McClelland Gallery, Langwarrin, and publication of second monograph ‘Karl Duldig Survey-Sculpture and Graphic Works 1922-1982’; Awarded Honorary Life Membership of the Association of Sculptors of Victoria; 1983 Married Rosie Dorin; 1985 Commission ‘Raoul Wallenberg Monument’ Kew Junction Melbourne; 1986 Exhibition of drawings: Karl Duldig at Mentone Grammar School 1945-67.
1986 Passed away in Melbourne at the age of 83. From 1986 National Gallery of Victoria presents Annual Lecture on Sculpture in his name.

Type of work
Early modernist, expressive and mostly figurative sculpture and bas reliefs.
Materials: stone, wood, clay / terracotta, copper and bronze and others.
Also extensive work in graphic mediums: pen and ink, pencil, woodcuts, watercolour and oil.
Stained glass.


COMMISSIONS: 1957 ceramic bas-reliefs for Stanmark reception centre, Smorgan and Ritter houses, Melbourne. 1960 ceramic bas-relief Progress of Man, for 505 St Kilda Road, Melbourne (destroyed 1991). 1962 bronze bas relief Carlton War Memorial, Melbourne. 1963 ceramic relief Menorah Israeli Embassy, Canberra. 1964 Brickyard Madonna St Mary’s Church, Altona. 1968 Monument to Sportsmen and Women 1940 – 1945 Hakoah & Maccabi World Union, Israel. 1970 copper relief Australia Today and Tomorrow 200 Little Collins Street (now Council House), Melbourne. 1972 stained glass windows and ceramic relief, Kadimah Cultural Centre, Elsternwick; bronze figure Echo Fisher NSW. 1979 bronze figure Koré City of Caulfield. 1981 bronze relief Korowa AGS, Malvern. 1985 Raoul Wallenberg Monument Free Wallenberg, Kew.
Also numerous commissions for portrait busts and other domestic scale sculptures as well as stained glass window for Melbourne Hebrew Congregation.

AWARDS: 1931 Travelling Scholarship, Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Vienna; 1956 Victorian Sculptor of the Year Award; 1982 Honorary Life Membership of Association of Sculptors of Victoria; 1986 Honorary Life Membership of Mentonian Society.

WORKS: BRISBANE, Univ. of Queensland. CANBERRA, Australian War Memorial. -NG. of Australia. - MELBOURNE, City of Boroondara. -City of Glen Eira. - City of Melbourne. - Jewish Museum of Australia. - Korowa AGS. - La Trobe Univ. - McClelland Region AG. - Mentone Grammar. -NG. of Victoria. NEWCASTLE/New South Wales, Region AG. SINGAPORE, Raffles Museum. SHEPPARTON/Victoria, AG. SYDNEY, Mus. of Applied Arts and Sciences. VIENNA, Jewish Mus. of City of Vienna.


EXHIBITIONS - individual: SINGAPORE 1940, MELBOURNE, 1945 Kosminsky’s Gallery; 1958 Australian Galleries; 1967 Toorak Gallery; 1969 Tolarno Galleries; 1970 Andrew Ivanyi Galleries; 1971 Dennis Croneen Gallery; 1971 Realities; 1975 retrospective Hawthorn City Art Gallery; 1981 Adam Galleries; 1982-83 survey McClelland Gallery; 1986 Mentone Grammar; 1988 ‘The Duldig Ceramics: A Restrospective’, Caulfield Arts Complex; 1990 ‘The Viennese Sculptures of Karl Duldig’, NG. of Victoria; Karl Duldig, Sculpture / Drawings, centenary exhibition in Vienna, Krakow and Melbourne 2003;


BIBLIOGRAPHY: McCulloch, 1968; 1977; 1984; 1, 1984, 1994; Germaine, 1979; 1984, Robb/Smith, 1993. Österreichische Kunst, Monatschrift für bildende und darstellende Kunst, Architectur und Kunsthandwerk, Kunstnachrichten, Janner 1934, pp. 18, 20; The Arts Festival – A guide to the Exhibitions, Melbourne Olympic Games 1956 pp 75, 85; A. Baar, 50 Jahre Hakoah 1909-1959, Tel Aviv 1959, pp. 48, 68, 170, 182; Australian Architecture Today, Sep 1960, pp. 32, 38-39; Mildara Prize for Sculpture (exhibition cat. Mildura AC), Mildura 1961; Australian Home Beautiful, Mar 1964, pp. 46-47; Mildura Prize for Sculpture (exhibition cat. Mildura AC), Mildura 1964; Australian Book Review, Vol. 5 No. 9 July 1966, cover & p. 171; P. Ruskin and E. Westbrook Karl Duldig Sculpture. Vienna, Singapore, Melbourne. Melbourne, 1966; H./H. Knorr, Religious Art in Australia, Melbourne, 1967, p. 17; Mildura Prize for Sculpture (exhibition cat. Mildura AC), Mildura 1967; The Mentonian, A Journal of the Mentone Grammar School, Australia, Vol. No. 45, December 1967, p. 9; Macabim, Maccabi Israel Monthly, No. 24/25, 1968, pp. 40-41, 45-48; Australian National Clay, , Sydney, January 1967, pp. 22-23 and March 1968, p. 17; Scodos, Journal Department of Supply, Vol. 6, No. 1, Canberra, June 1971, p. 83; National Trust Newsletter, o Vol. 1 No. 37, October 1973, p. 8; Melbourne Chronicle, Independent Cultural Periodical, December 1975, p. 5; G. Sturgeon, The Development of Australian Sculpture 1788-1975, London, 1978, p. 126; Scarlett, 1980; E. de Jong-Duldig, Karl Duldig Survey Sculpture and Graphic Works 1922-1982, Foreword Patrick McCaughey. Karl Duldig , Melbourne, 1982; Association of Sculptors of Victoria, Survey 1933-1985, 1985 pp. 18-19; Museum of Australia, Arts and Entertainment – Jews in Victoria 1835-1985, 1985 pp. 3, 11; K. Bittman, Strauss to Matilda – Viennese in Australia 1938-1988 Sydney 1988, pp. 124-128; J. .Bunzl, Hopauf Hakoah – Jüdische Sport in Österreich, Vienna 1987 pp. 25, 52, 67, 68, 137, 153; Australian & New Zealand Jewish Year Book 1985, K. Bandman pp. 86-87; Singapore Tatler, December 1987, Art & Culture, S.Kanga pp 64-65; 1988 J.Rundle,, Against All Odds – A History of Mentone Grammar School 1920-1988, 1991 pp. 170-1, 177, 198; A.Longmire St Kilda – The Show Goes On, Vol lll 1930-1983 Melbourne, 1989, p. 225; J. Peers, Sculpture: The McClelland Gallery Permanent Collection, Woolmer to Duldig; K. Bandman, A Palette of Artists – A History of the Bezalel Fellowship of Arts Melbourne, 1989, pp. 8-10, 49-54; Gallery, National Gallery Society of Victoria, April 1990 T. Lane, pp 17-19; Gallery, National Gallery Society of Victoria, May 1990 E. de Jong-Duldig, pp 18-19; J. Hammond, Walls of Wire – Tatura, Rushworth, Murchison,, 1990, pp. 23-24, 57-58, 102, 109, 187; E. Patka, Kunst: Anspruch und Gegenstand – von der Kunstgewerbeschule zur Hochschule für Angewandte Kunst in Wien 1918-1991, 1991 Salzberg und Wien. pp. 183-185; The Melbourne Report, September 1991, Art at Risk, K. Scarlett, pp. 23-24; NAVA Newsletter, March 1992, Moral Rights, E. de Jong-Duldig, pp. 6-7; Arts And Entertainment Law Review, August 1992, E. de Jong-Duldig, pp. 1, 3-4; Art and Australia, Vol. 30 No 4 1993, T. Lane pp. 500-503; J. Aron, The Enduring Remnant – The First 150 Years of the Melbourne Hebrew Congregation 1841-1991, Melbourne,1992 cover and p. 105; E. de Jong-Duldig, Scheherazade Restaurant 35 Years in Acland Street, Melbourne, 1993, cover and pp. 12-17; Australian Jewish Historical Society Journal, Vol. XII 1994, Part 3, E. de Jong-Duldig pp. 559-565; Hakoah – Ein Jüdischer Sportverein in Wien 1909-1995, Jüdisches Museum der Stadt Wien, Wien 1995 P. Cardorff pp. 50-58; M. Hedger, Public Sculpture in Australia,Sydney, 1995; Australian Country Style, May 1996, Annabelle Frost, pp. 94-97; Generation, Australian Jewish Life and Thought, Vol. 6 Nos. 1 & 2 October 1996 pp. 18,19,40 & 57; Karl Duldig, Bronze Editions, The Duldig Studio, 1996; The Journal, Jewish Museum of Australia Vol. 1 No. 3 December 1996 cover and p 6; Freud and his Friends – The Jews of Vienna, JMA 1996, pp. 5-6, 9, 31, 38-39, 40, 41, 47; The Race to Modernity 1956, MOMA at Heide, 1996 p 29; The Europeans: Emigré Artists in Australia 1930 – 1960, R. Butler NGA, Canberra, 1997, pp. 137-147; The Arts Magazine, February 1999, The Centre for the Arts at the National University of Singapore, J. McNally, p. 35; Motif and Meaning – Aboriginal Influences in Australian Art 1930-1970, Ballarat Fine Art Gallery 14 May – 25 July 1999; Melbourne 1956, National Gallery of Victoria 2000, [Moses p 9]; The Mentonian, May 2000, Mentone Grammar, cover and p.4; DUNERA NEWS No 53 October 2001, pp. 10-13; FEDERATION MARKERS, City of Stonnington, ‘A MARK IN TIME’, Stonnington Federation Markers Project, 2001, No. 40; AICCM-SMOCM Vol 5, No3 Oct 2001, [image back cover]; THE ARTS, National University of Singapore, Sep/Oct 2002 Issue 10; QANTAS The Australian Way, January 2002, Art/Gallery The Duldig Studio p 16; JEWISH RENAISSANCE Vol 2 Issue 2 Winter 2003 England, The Jews of Australia / Karl Duldig sculptor and painter p 18, [reproduction Kadimah stained glass window p13], also pp 16, 22, 46; JEWISH RENAISSANCE Vol 2 Issue 3 Spring 2003 The Jews from Egypt England, [Front cover colour image of Karl Duldig sculpture Moses]. Also see notes pp 3, 23, 24; ZWISCHENZEIT Literatur – Widerstand – Exil 20Jg. Nr. 1 Mai 2003 p 8 Karl Duldig und Overrabbiner Chajes [Karl Duldig Rabbi Chajes bronze, Jüdisches Museum Wien]; WORLD SCULPTURE NEWS Volume 9, No 3 Summer 2003, Exhibition Reviews, Australia, Karl Duldig at the Victorian College of the Arts … Ken Scarlett pp 53-54 [ Rhythm in Stone / Kniende Akt The Duldig Studio]; EXIL Forschung Erkenntnisse Ergebnisse Nr.2 2002 Exil 1933 bis 1945, Frankfurt am Main, ISSN 0721-6742, Ute Heinen, Die Schweiz, Singapur, Australien – Exilstationen des Künstlerehepaares Slawa und Karl Duldig pp 41-57 [Photos – Hanakklasse 1924, Karl Duldig with Magna Mater 1961]; An Émigré Artist in Sinpapore, Jeffrey Say pp 36-41; Karl Duldig, Sculpture / Drawings Catalogue to the exhibition in Vienna, Krakow and Melbourne. Editor: Dr Peter Stasny; Jewish Museum of the City of Vienna, Ltd., English and German, fully illustrated 174 pages; Karl Duldig (1902-1986) rzeby i rysunki Catalogue to the exhibition in Krakow 22 May to 13 July 2003, published in Polish by the International Cultural Centre, Krakow. Fully illustrated 128 pages; Henry Krongold: memoirs, James Mitchell, Allen & Unwin 2003, Duldig K pp.126-128, [127] Australia Today and Tomorrow 1970; Against the Grain Works carved and constructed in wood, McClelland Gallery Langwarrin 9 March – 27 April 2003, catalogue; This Was The Future… Australian Sculpture of the 1950’s, 60’s, 70’s + Today Heide Museum of Modern Art 2003; p 26 [Reproductions ‘Carving in Eucalypt 1962’, "Mother and Child’ c 1960]; Shaping memory: sculpture at the Australian War Memorial, 13 August to 29 November 2004. Laura Back. AWM 2004, [Reproduction ‘Mother and Child 1942’]; Allan Mitelman, Works on Paper 1967-2004, Elizabeth Cross, NGV 2004, pp. 29-30, 41, [30] photo Karl Duldig; DUNERA NEWS No 62 October 2004, pp. 18-19 [Captian Broughton]; Persson, Gunnar, Hakoah, Stjärnor Pa Flykt, (Stars on the Run), Historien om Hakoah Wien, Norstedts Förlag Stockholm 2004 pp. 108 117, 216, 225, 234 [image 11];

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